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Proto-Sinaitic Inscription Found at Timna

Этот понедельник, казалось бы, ничем не мог отличаться от прошлого, или даже позапрошлого понедельника… Если бы ни одно НО!

Пришло письмо из Израиля:

«Здравствуйте, Меня заинтересовала фотография сделанная в Тимне. Можете ли вы мне помочь? Желательно поговорить по телефону, не умею печатать по русскому… Саша»

В ответ я написал свой номер телефона. Через несколько минут раздался звонок, и началось общение.

Суть разговора в том, что некоторое время назад (3 месяца), в ходе экспедиционных работ, некий ученый (кажется из Германии) сделал открытие – совершенно случайно нашел очень любопытный иероглиф. Насколько я понял – любопытный он был потому, что использовались символы двух культур. И это был не настенный иероглиф, а скорее напольный (если так можно выразиться). Тут же появились мысли, что возможно фальсификацию, но в любом случае это произвело фурор. Собралось куча народу по этому поводу. И все бы ничего, если бы мы (а именно Майя Молочкова), в январе 2006 года, не сфотографировали этот иероглиф и не поставили бы его на travelling.lv

Вот и расспрашивали меня, как мы его нашли и почему именно его поставили на сайт. И не наших ли это рук дело.

В общем вот такие интересные дела происходят в мире. Думаю, через некоторое время стоит написать этому человеку и поинтересоваться чем дело закончилось.

Хотя и есть у меня подозрение на какую-то шутку от местных знакомых товарищей. Т.к. пересмотрев фотографии, я так и не понял, как можно было этот иероглиф не найти. Хотя всякое бывает. Поживем – увидим.

Да, кстати, а вот и сам предмет разговора:

Привет всем участникам той поездки, надеюсь вы тоже находитесь в небольшом недоумении!


update 2009-11-16 19:12

Покопавшись немного в Интернете выяснилось, что похоже это всетаки не шутка.

Proto-Sinaitic Inscription Found at Timna

Thursday, August 27, 2009

Stonewatch/Arad Academy e.V. has announced the discovery of a proto-Sinaitic inscription in Timna, Israel, about 20 miles north ofEilat.  The press release, via ANE-2:

The engraving, measuring ca. 12 x 16 cm, was found by "Stonewatch / Arad Academy e.V.", an institution based in Germany, that has been conducting surveys of rock art in Timna and worldwide for many years (www.stonewatch.de).

Dr. Stefan Jakob Wimmer, an Egyptologist and ANE epigraphist at the University of Munich - who is not related to Stonewatch - is studying the engraving and working on a scholarly publication. He has preliminarily suggested to identify the writing as Proto Sinaitic:

"... The right oval shows signs that are identical with characters of the Proto-Sinaitic script, and can in my view quite easily be read as a West Semitic personal name. In the left oval several signs will need more consideration. Some features of the inscription are especially remarkable: The suggested personal name in the right oval ends with the sign of a seated man. The adoption of a personal determinative has to my knowledge not been observed in other PS inscriptions, but is easily conceivable and should by no means contradict the identification of the inscription as PS. The upper character in the left oval could in my view be a variant of the image of the sun with two uraei protruding on either side, reduced to the uraei, and may shed light on a roughly similar sign in the Wadi el-Hol inscriptions. It will have to be examined if the oblong frames were inspired by cartouches. As an alternative one might think of stylised footprints.... The constellation of Egyptians and Semites in the context of mining activities is attested at two places: Serabit el-Khadim/Sinai, where almost all PS inscriptions were found (with the only exception until now of Wadi el-Hol near Luxor), and Timna. ... The importance of the discovery of this inscription - if indeed Proto-Sinaitic - is obviously considerable. It is hoped that its common ground with the inscriptions from Serabit el-Khadim, and also Wadi el-Hol, and even more its new, variant features, may substantially contribute to the study of the early alphabet."

We can add that the location of the inscription (which will not be disclosed until the necessary measures to protect the engraving from vandalism have been taken) corroborates a connection with the Egyptian copper mining activities at Timna. It is not, however, in close vicinity to the Hathor sanctuary.

The possibility of a modern "hoax" can safely be excluded due to clear signs of erosion and the identical colour (patina) of the grooves with the stone surface.

For more rock art from Timna including what may be other examples of yet undiciphered inscriptions, go to our free downloads: 
http://stonewatch.de/free_downloads/special_cds/index.html(Catalogue of Rock Art in Southern Israel Timna Valley)

Josef Otto 
Stonewatch / Arad Academy e.V. 

A photograph is available athttp://www.stonewatch.de/Daten/Timna-1.jpg

источник: http://blog2.bibleplaces.com/labels/Discoveries.html 


Neat, But What’s ‘Proto-Sinaitic’ Supposed to Mean?

Are we to believe that there’s some sort of nomenclature proper to be used of an ancient script that actually purports to be that which was used before Israel met God at Sinai?  Proto means before and Sinaitic refers to Sinai.  So why not just stick to ‘proto-canaanite’?

Proto-Sinaitic, also known as Proto-Canaanite, was the first consonantal alphabet. Even a quick and cursory glance at its inventory of signs makes it very apparent of this script’s Egyptian origin. Originally it was thought that at round 1700 BCE, Sinai was conquered by Egypt, and the local West-Semitic population were influenced by Egyptian culture and adopted a small number of hieroglyphic signs (about 30) to write their own language. However, recent discoveries in Egypt itself have compounded this scenario. Inscriptions dating to 1900 BCE written in what appears to be Proto-Sinaitic were found in Upper Egypt, and nearby Egyptian texts speak of the presence of Semitic-speaking people living in Egypt.

In other words, what do we gain by using a name for a script that has nothing whatsoever to do with anything except a chronological supposition tied to the Exodus?  The only reason, it seems to me, for using ‘proto-sinaitic’ as a descriptor is to tie the reader to a presupposition.  Nothing more.

It is, though, a very cool inscription.

источник: http://jwest.wordpress.com/2009/08/27/neat-but-whats-proto-sinaitic-supposed-to-mean/